When you scuba dive, the longer you stay under the water (bottom time), the more nitrogen your body absorbs. … Nitrox is simply a gas mixture that has a higher concentration of oxygen and a lower concentration of nitrogen. If a diver is breathing less nitrogen, the chance of developing the bends is greatly reduced.
Why is nitrogen used in scuba tanks?
Use of these gases is generally intended to improve overall safety of the planned dive, by reducing the risk of decompression sickness and/or nitrogen narcosis and may improve ease of breathing. Filling cylinders with a mixture of gases has dangers for both the filler and the diver.
Why do divers use nitrogen?
Divers breathe a mixture of oxygen, helium and nitrogen for deep dives to avoid the effects of narcosis. … Narcosis while diving (also known as nitrogen narcosis, inert gas narcosis, raptures of the deep, Martini effect) is a reversible alteration in consciousness that occurs while diving at depth.
Do the scuba diving tanks contain nitrogen?
It is composed of mostly nitrogen and oxygen, with small proportions of other gases such as carbon dioxide. Did you know that a scuba tank also contains a mixture of different gases? Many divers incorrectly call the gas in their scuba tank oxygen. Some even call the gas cylinder ‘oxygen tank’.
Why are scuba tanks pure oxygen?
Think again. Pure and high percentage mixes of oxygen (such as nitrox or trimix) are used by trained technical and recreational divers to extend bottom times and to speed decompression. On the surface, pure oxygen is recommended first aid for the majority of diving injuries.
How much nitrogen is in a scuba tank?
A common mixture is 21/35, which has 21 percent oxygen, 35 percent helium and 44 percent nitrogen. Another common mixture is 18/45, with 18 percent oxygen and 45 percent helium. These mixtures allow technical divers to hang around at up to 197 feet (60 m) — and actually remember their dive.
Do we breathe in nitrogen?
Because 78 percent of the air we breathe is nitrogen gas, many people assume that nitrogen is not harmful. However, nitrogen is safe to breathe only when mixed with the appropriate amount of oxygen. These two gases cannot be detected by the sense of smell.
What does nitrogen narcosis cause?
The symptoms seen in nitrogen narcosis begin first with effects of the higher function such as judgment, reasoning, short-term memory, and concentration. The diver may also experience a euphoric or stimulating feeling initially similar to mild alcohol intoxication.
What happens if you breathe pure oxygen?
Pure oxygen can be deadly. Our blood has evolved to capture the oxygen we breathe in and bind it safely to the transport molecule called haemoglobin. If you breathe air with a much higher than normal O2 concentration, the oxygen in the lungs overwhelms the blood’s ability to carry it away.
Why is argon used in diving tanks?
Argon serves as a better insulator than air. By filling the dry suit with argon the diver replaces the thinner, more compressible air with denser gas that does not compress nearly as much under a given pressure. This is a very advantageous concept for the dry suit diver.
Is scuba diving bad for your lungs?
Can I be seriously hurt while scuba diving? Yes. The most dangerous medical problems are barotrauma to the lungs and decompression sickness, also called “the bends.” Barotrauma occurs when you are rising to the surface of the water (ascent) and gas inside the lungs expands, hurting surrounding body tissues.
Why do deep sea divers use helium?
The main reason for adding helium to the breathing mix is to reduce the proportions of nitrogen and oxygen below those of air, to allow the gas mix to be breathed safely on deep dives. … Helium has very little narcotic effect. A lower proportion of oxygen reduces the risk of oxygen toxicity on deep dives.
What gas is in a diving tank?
The most commonly used gas blend for sport or recreational diving is Nitrox up to 40% oxygen. Technical divers often use Nitrox gas mixes with higher level of oxygen up to 100% to accelerate decompression.