How is backstroke performed?

The backstroke, or back crawl, uses alternating and opposite arm movements. As one arm pulls through the water from an overhead position to the hip, the other arm recovers above the water from the hip to the overhead position and vice versa. The legs perform a flutter kick, similar to the one used in the front crawl.

How do you do a backstroke step by step?


  1. Keep your legs close together.
  2. Generate power from your hips, not your knees. Your whole leg should be moving with each kick, not just your lower leg.
  3. Your legs should be relaxed and bent slightly. Think of your legs as battle ropes, moving fluidly up and down.
  4. Focus on smooth, consistent kicks at first.

How is the elementary backstroke performed?

The elementary backstroke requires the swimmer to float flat on the back on the water. The swimmer draws the hands up the sides of the body while bending the elbows. … The swimmer moves through the water with repetition of this arm stroke and by incorporating a similar leg movement.

How do you breathe during backstroke?

The ideal breathing pattern in backstroke is one breath per arm cycle. This means that when one hand exits the water, you breath in and when the opposite hand exits, you breath out.

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What kick is used for backstroke?

The backstroke kick is a flutter kick. Its technique is similar to the kick used in the front crawl stroke, the difference being that you are swimming on the back.

What is the difference between backstroke and elementary backstroke?

2) The elementary backstroke is swum on the back. This makes breathing straightforward as the face is turned upwards and held above the water surface. … Moreover, compared to regular backstroke, projections of water into the face are prevented, as the arms remain underwater.

What is the order of an IM?

It’s an abbreviation for the individual medley event in swimming, in which swimmers use all four competitive strokes: butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle, in that order.

What are the 4 parts of the backstroke arm movement?

In backstroke, the arm stroke movements can be divided into the following phases:

  • Entry and extension forward.
  • First downsweep.
  • Catch.
  • First upsweep.
  • Second downsweep.
  • Second upsweep.
  • Release.
  • Recovery.

What is the body position of backstroke?

In backstroke, you float on your back in the water. Your body is almost horizontal, with a slight tilt toward the feet. A good position of the body is essential to swim backstroke.