The backstroke, or back crawl, uses alternating and opposite arm movements. As one arm pulls through the water from an overhead position to the hip, the other arm recovers above the water from the hip to the overhead position and vice versa. The legs perform a flutter kick, similar to the one used in the front crawl.
What are the 3 major parts of the backstroke?
The Essential Elements of Backstroke
- 1.Body Position. The body position should be high and flat. …
- Head Position. The correct head position is vital for achieving correct body position. …
- Kicking Action. The kicking action is generated from the hips and upper legs with feet below surface. …
- Hand Entry. …
- Arm Action. …
What is are proper breathing technique in performing backstroke?
While swimming backstroke, a breathing pattern you can use is to inhale during the recovery of one arm, then to exhale during the recovery of the other arm. This breathing pattern is simple and efficient. Another breathing pattern you can use is to breathe every arm stroke.
What is the body position of backstroke?
In backstroke, you float on your back in the water. Your body is almost horizontal, with a slight tilt toward the feet. A good position of the body is essential to swim backstroke.
What muscles are used in backstroke?
Backstroke uses a lot more of your latissimus dorsi, which is the muscle that stretches across your back, in addition to your glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings. When swimming, you’re actually using almost all of your muscles, but certain ones are used more for certain strokes.
Why is arm position important for backstroke?
In backstroke, the arm action will provide the majority of the propulsion. The arms are continuous and alternating with one arm providing propulsion under the water whilst the other recovers over the water.
How do you not hit your head in the backstroke?
Floating on your back, simply tilt your head backwards, the back of your head sinking in the water, until your face is turned up and forward instead of just up, and you can glance forward. However, do not do this all the time as it can strain your neck.
What type of leg kick does the backstroke involve?
The backstroke kick is a flutter kick. Its technique is similar to the kick used in the front crawl stroke, the difference being that you are swimming on the back.